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He was the bishop of Hippo Regius in north Africa and is viewed as one of the most important Church Fathers in Western Christianity for his writings in the Patristic Period. According to his contemporary JeromeAugustine “established anew the ancient Faith”. After his baptism and conversion to Christianity inAugustine developed his own approach to philosophy and theology, accommodating a variety of methods and hipponsnsis.
The segment of the Church that adhered to the concept of the Trinity as defined by the Council of Nicaea and the Council of Constantinople  closely identified with Augustine’s On the Trinity. He is also the patron of the Augustinians. His memorial is celebrated on 28 August, the day of his death. Augustine is the patron saint of brewers, printers, theologians, aubustinus alleviation of sore eyes, and a number of cities and dioceses. Luther himself was, from toa member of the Order of the Augustinian Eremites.
In the Easthis teachings are more disputed, and were notably attacked by John Romanides. Hippo Regiuswhere Augustine was the bishopwas in modern-day AnnabaAlgeria.
For example, he refers to Apuleius as “the most notorious of us Africans,”   to Ponticianus as “a country man of ours, insofar as being African,”   and to Faustus of Mileve as “an African Gentleman “. Augustine’s family name, Aurelius, suggests that his father’s ancestors were freedmen of the gens Aurelia given full Roman citizenship by the Edict of Caracalla in Augustine’s family had been Roman, from a legal standpoint, for at least a century when he hipponensjs born.
Augustine of Hippo – Wikipedia
There he became familiar with Latin literatureas well as pagan beliefs and practices. He tells this story in his autobiography, The Confessions. He remembers that he did not steal the fruit because hipponensis was hungry, but because “it was not permitted. I loved my own error—not that for which I erred, but the error itself.
At the age of 17, through the generosity of his fellow citizen Romanianus,  Augustine went to Carthage to continue his education in rhetoric. It was while he was a student in Carthage that he read Cicero ‘s dialogue Hortensius now augutsinuswhich he described as leaving a lasting impression and sparking his interest in philosophy.
The need to gain their acceptance forced inexperienced boys like Augustine to seek or make up stories about sexual experiences. At about the age of 17, Augustine began an affair with a young woman in Carthage.
Augustine of Hippo
Though his mother wanted him to marry a person of his class, the woman remained his lover  for over fifteen years  and gave birth to his son Adeodatus b.
InAugustine ended his hipponehsis with his lover in order to prepare himself to marry a ten-year-old heiress. He had to wait for two years because the legal age of marriage for women was twelve. By the time he was able hipplnensis marry her, however, he instead decided to become a celibate priest. Augustine augsutinus from the beginning a brilliant student, with an eager intellectual curiosity, but he never mastered Greek  —he tells us that his first Greek teacher was a brutal man who constantly beat his students, and Augustine rebelled and refused to study.
By the time he realized that he needed to know Greek, it was too late; and although he acquired a smattering of the language, he was never eloquent with it. However, his mastery of Latin was another matter.
He became an expert both in the eloquent use of the language and in the use of clever arguments to make his points. Augustine taught grammar at Thagaste during and The following year he moved to Carthage to conduct a school of rhetoric and would remain there for the next augustimus years. However, Augustine was disappointed with the apathetic reception. It was the custom for students to pay their fees to the professor on the last day hipponenzis the term, and many students attended faithfully all term, and then did not pay.
Manichaean friends introduced him to the prefect of the City of Rome, Symmachuswho while traveling through Carthage had been asked by the imperial court at Milan  to provide a rhetoric professor.
Augustine won the job and headed north to take his position in Milan in late Thirty years old, he had won the most visible academic position in the Latin world at a time when hilponensis posts gave ready access to political careers.
Although Augustine spent ten years as a Manichaean, he was never an initiate or “elect”, but an “auditor”, the lowest level in the sect’s hierarchy. Because of his education, Augustine had great rhetorical prowess and was very knowledgeable of the philosophies behind auguustinus faiths.
Like Augustine, Ambrose was a master of rhetoric, but hipponenais and more experienced. Augustine arrived in Milan and was immediately taken under the wing by Ambrose.
Within his ConfessionsAugustine states, “That man of God received me as a father would, and welcomed my coming as a good bishop should. Soon, their relationship grew, as Augustine wrote, “And I began to love him, of course, not at the first as a teacher of the truth, for I had entirely despaired of finding that in thy Church—but as a friendly man.
More interested in his speaking skills than the topic of speech, Augustine quickly discovered that Ambrose was a spectacular orator. Eventually, Augustine says augustinjs he was spiritually led into the faith of Christianity. Augustine’s mother had followed him to Milan and arranged a marriage for him.
Although Augustine accepted this marriage, for which he had to abandon his concubine, he hipponeneis deeply hurt by hipponenxis loss of his lover. He wrote, “My mistress being torn from my side as an impediment to my marriage, my heart, which clave to her, was racked, and wounded, and bleeding.
However, his emotional wound was not healed, even began to fester. There is evidence that Augustine may have considered this former relationship to be equivalent to marriage. Alypius of Thagaste steered Augustine away from marriage, saying that they could not live a life together in the love of wisdom if he married.
Augustine looked back years later on the life at Cassiciacuma villa outside of Milan where he gathered with his followers, and described it as Christianae vitae otium — the leisure of Christian life.
In late August of at the age of 31, after having heard and been inspired and moved by the story of Ponticianus’s and his friends’ first reading of the life of Saint Anthony of the DesertAugustine converted to Christianity. As Augustine later told it, his conversion was prompted by a childlike voice he heard telling him to “take up and read” Latin: Augustine read from Paul’s Epistle to the Romans — the ” Transformation of Believers ” section, consisting of chapters 12 to 15 — wherein Paul outlines how the Gospel transforms believers, and describes the believers’ resulting behaviour.
The specific part to which Augustine opened his Bible was Romans chapter 13, verses 13 and 14, to wit:. Not in rioting and drunkenness, not in chambering and wantonness, not in strife and envying, but put on the Lord Jesus Christ, and make no provision for the flesh to fulfill the lusts thereof.
He later wrote an account of his conversion — his very transformation, as Paul described — in his Confessions Latin: Confessioneswhich has since become a classic of Christian theology and a key text in the history of autobiography. This work is an outpouring of thanksgiving and penitence. Although it is written as an account of his life, the Confessions also talks about the nature of time, causality, free will, and other important philosophical topics.
Thou wast with me when I was not with Thee. Thou didst call, and cry, and burst my deafness. Thou didst gleam, and glow, and dispel my blindness.
Thou didst touch me, and I burned for Thy peace.
For Thyself Thou hast made us, And restless our hearts until in Thee they find their ease. Late have I loved Thee, Thou Beauty ever old and ever new. The only thing he kept was the family house, which he converted into a monastic foundation for himself and a group of friends.
He became a famous preacher more than preserved sermons are believed to be authenticand was noted for combating the Manichaean religion, to which he had formerly adhered. Inhe was made coadjutor Bishop of Hippo, and became full Bishop shortly thereafter,  hence the name “Augustine of Hippo”; and he gave his property to the church of Thagaste. He wrote augustinud autobiographical Confessions in — His work The City of God was written to console his fellow Christians shortly after the Visigoths had sacked Rome in Augustine worked tirelessly in trying to convince the people of Hippo to convert to Christianity.
Augustihus he had left his monastery, he continued to lead a monastic life in the episcopal residence.
He left a regula for his monastery that led to his designation as the ” patron saint of regular clergy “. Possidius admired Augustine as a man of powerful intellect and a stirring orator who took every opportunity to defend Christianity against its detractors.
Possidius also described Augustine’s personal traits in detail, drawing a portrait of a man who ate sparingly, worked tirelessly, despised gossip, shunned the temptations of the flesh, and exercised prudence in the financial stewardship of his see. Shortly before Augustine’s death, the Vandalsa Germanic tribe that had converted to Arianisminvaded Roman Africa. The Vandals besieged Hippo in the spring ofwhen Augustine entered his final illness.
According to Possidius, one of the few miracles attributed to Augustine, the healing of an ill man, took place during the siege. He directed that the library of the church in Hippo and all the books therein should be carefully preserved. He died on 28 August auguwtinus They destroyed all of it but Augustine’s cathedral and library, which they left untouched.
He is considered the patron saint of brewers, printers, theologians, sore eyes, and a number of cities and dioceses. Aroundhis remains were transported again by Peter, bishop of Pavia and uncle of the Lombard king Liutprandto the church of San Hippomensis in Ciel d’Oro in Pavia, in order to save them from frequent coastal raids by Muslims.
In JanuaryPope John XXII issued the papal bull Augustinuz Santorum Patrumin which he appointed the Augustinians guardians of the tomb of Augustine called Arcawhich was yipponensis in and elaborately carved with bas-reliefs of scenes from Augustine’s life. In Octobersome workmen in the Church of San Pietro in Ciel d’Oro in Pavia discovered a marble box containing some human bones including part of a skull. A dispute arose between the Augustinian hermits Order of Saint Augustine and the regular canons Canons Regular of Saint Augustine as to whether these were the bones of Augustine.
The hermits did not believe so; the canons affirmed that they were. The bishop declared that, in his opinion, the bones were those of Saint Augustine. The Augustinians were expelled from Pavia intaking refuge in Milan with the relics of Augustine, and the disassembled Arcawhich were removed to the cathedral there.
San Pietro fell into disrepair, but was finally rebuilt in the s, under the urging of Agostino Gaetano Riboldiand reconsecrated in when the relics of Augustine and the shrine were once again reinstalled. Ina portion of Augustine’s right arm cubitus was secured from Pavia and augustins to Annaba. Augustine’s large contribution of writings covered diverse fields including theology, philosophy and sociology.
Along with John ChrysostomAugustine was among the most prolific scholars of the early church by quantity of surviving writings.
Augustine was one of the first Christian hipponenss Latin authors with a very clear vision of theological anthropology. In his late treatise On Care to Be Had for the Dead, section 5 AD he exhorted to respect the body on the grounds that it belonged to the very nature of the human person.
Initially, the two elements were in perfect harmony. After the fall of humanity they are now experiencing dramatic combat between one another. They hipponensis two categorically different things.