December marked the conclusion of a in the Mesoamerican Long Count calendar, used in Central. The Mayan calendar is an ancient calendar system that rose to fame in , when a “Great Cycle” of its Long Count component came to an end, inspiring some. Use this interactive tool to convert Gregorian calendar dates into the Maya which any given date is unique, such as December 21, , in the Gregorian system. calendar, and is read as follows: k’in | Tzolk’in | Haab.
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The Aztec calendar was an adaptation of the Mayan calendar. It consisted of a day agricultural calendar, as well as a day sacred calendar. This is a digital composite. Color added for visibility.
Among their other accomplishments, the ancient Mayas invented a calendar of remarkable accuracy and complexity. The pyramid was used as a calendar: The Maya calendar was adopted by the other Mesoamerican nations, such as the Aztecs and the Toltec, which adopted the mechanics of the calendar unaltered but changed the names of the days of the week and the months.
An Aztec calendar stone is shown above right. The Maya calendar uses three different dating systems in parallel, the Long Countthe Tzolkin divine calendarand the Haab civil calendar. Of these, only the Haab has a direct relationship to the length of the year. It is thus akin to the Julian Day Number. The basic unit is the kin daywhich is the last component of the Long Count. Going from right to left the remaining components are:.
The kin, tun, and katun are numbered from 0 to The uinal are numbered from 0 to The baktun are numbered from 1 to Although they are not part of the Long Count, the Mayas had names for larger time spans. The following names are sometimes quoted, although they are not ancient Maya terms:. Logically, the first date in the Long Count should be 0.
Tzolk’in: The Mayan Calendar | Board Game | BoardGameGeek
The authorities disagree on what I have come across three possible equivalences:. Assuming one of the first two equivalences, the Long Count will again reach While our calendar uses a single week of seven days, the Mayan calendar used two different lengths of week:.
The next time Cimi rolls around, 20 days later, it will be 10 Cimi instead of 3 Cimi. The next 3 Cimi will not occur until or 13 x 20 days have passed.
This day cycle also had good-luck or bad-luck associations connected with each day, and for this reason, it became known as the “divinatory year. The Haab was the civil calendar of the Mayas.
Maya Calendar Converter
It consisted of 18 “months” of 20 days each, followed by 5 extra days, known as Uayeb. This gives a year length of days. In contrast to the Tzlokin dates, the Haab month names changed every 20 days instead of daily; so the day after 4 Zotz would be 5 Zotz, followed by 6 Zotz The days of the month were numbered from 0 to This use of a 0th day of the month in a civil calendar is unique to the Maya system; it is believed that the Mayas discovered the number zero, and the uses to which it could be put, centuries before it was discovered in Europe or Asia.
The Uayeb days acquired tzolkih very derogatory reputation for bad luck; known as “days without names” or “days without souls,” and were observed as days of prayer and mourning. Fires were tzol,in and the population refrained from eating caleneario food. Anyone born on those days was “doomed to a miserable life. The length of the Tzolkin year was days and the length of the Haab year was days.
If calendsrio day is, for example, “4 Ahau 8 Cumku,” the next day falling on “4 Ahau 8 Cumku” would be 18, days or about 52 years later. Among the Aztec, the end of a Calendar Round was a time of public panic as it was thought the world might be coming to an end.
When the Pleaides crossed the horizon on 4 Ahau 8 Cumku, they knew the world had been granted another year extension.
Although there were only days in the Haab year, the Mayas were aware that a year is slightly longer than days, and in fact, many of the month-names are associated with the seasons; Yaxkin, for example, means “new or strong sun” and, at the beginning of the Long Count, 1 Yaxkin was the day after the winter solstice, when the sun starts to shine for a longer period of time and higher in the sky.
When the Long Count was put into motion, it was started at 7. The available evidence indicates that the Mayas estimated that a day year precessed through all the seasons twice caelndario 7.
We can therefore derive a value for the Mayan estimate of the year by dividing 1, bysubtracting 2, and taking that number and dividing 1, by yzolkin result, which gives us an answer of This apparent accuracy could, however, be a simple coincidence. The Fzolkin estimated that a day year precessed through all the seasons twice in 7.
These numbers are only accurate to digits. In tzol,in times, the Mayans had a tradition of a day year. But by the 4th century B.
They maintained three different calendars at the same time. In one of them, they divided a day year into eighteen day months followed by a five-day period that was part of no month.
The five-day period was considered to be unlucky. A page from the “Calendars” exhibit Chichen Itza, Yucatan, Mexico. What is the Long Count? Going from right to left the remaining components are: The following names are sometimes quoted, although they are not ancient 2102 terms: When did the Long Count Start? I have come across three possible equivalences: What is the Tzolkin? The Tzolkin date is a combination of two “week” lengths.
While our calendar uses tzokkin single week of seven days, the Mayan calendar used two different lengths of week: When did the Tzolkin Start? Calenario authorities agree on this. What is the Haab? The names of the month were: Cumku In calenvario to the Tzolkin dates, the Haab month names changed every 20 days instead of daily; so the day after 4 Zotz would be 5 Zotz, followed by 6 Zotz When did the Haab Start?