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Carlo Penco (born August ) is an Italian analytic philosopher and full professor in “Frege”, Carocci, Roma, ; Introduzione alla filosofia del linguaggio. Carlo Penco on WN Network delivers the latest Videos and Editable pages for News “Frege”, Carocci, Roma, ; Introduzione alla filosofia del linguaggio. carlo penco C Penco. International and Interdisciplinary Conference on Modeling and Using Context , Introduzione alla filosofia del linguaggio.

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Skip to main content. Log In Sign Up. I studied philosophy at the University of Genoa and followed summer schools in computational linguistic at the Instit Smiley and at Oxford with Michael Dummettwhose book on Frege’s philosophy of language I have edited and translated into Italian.

Trying to make it a really international PhD program www. Defeasible Arguments and Context Dependence more. Defeasibility is a central concept in non-monotonic reasoning. In this paper we connect the peculiar looseness of non-strictly-deductive inference — looseness grounded on ” default ” or defeasible assumptions — to the looseness of In this paper we connect the peculiar looseness of non-strictly-deductive inference — looseness grounded on ” default ” or defeasible assumptions — to the looseness of referential uses of definite descriptions.

In both cases we are faced with the problem of revising some premises of an argument and change the conclusion. We aim to show that inferential defeasibility requires attention to lexical and cultural context dependence and to different forms of arguments, also depending on whether premises are given as general propositions or singular propositions.

Although our main point is on different aspects of defeasible arguments, the paper is also an attempt to link problems typically discussed in the philosophy of science and problems discussed in the philosophy of language. This programmatic paper is an attempt to connect some worries on the philosophy of language with filosoifa traditional views in artificial intelligence.

These debates may be considered case studies on what is happening to the notion of context in philosophy xlla the first two decades of XXI century; they push us to look for a unifying framework in which to frame those worries: Modeling and Using Contexts. In her analysis of pejoratives expressions, Eva attempts to reject too sharp a separation between oinguaggio and tone or between expressive and descriptive content. I shall reconstruct some of her arguments while keeping a more traditional I shall reconstruct some of her fulosofia while keeping a more traditional stance concerning truth conditions.

Endorsing Eva’s criticism of Williamson on Dummett’s on derogatory words, eventually I shall reframe her idea of pejoratives as higher order utterance modifiers, following some suggestions by Manuel Garcia Carpintero.

Carlo Penco

Eva’s main concern is accounting for our instinctive refusal to endorse an introduziome containing pejoratives because these suggest a picture of reality we do not share.

With some marginal disagreement, I think Eva has succeeded in focusing this problem. Eva Picardi on Language, Analysis and History. In this paper I give some suggestions from etymology on the contrast between the standard direct reference theory and alternative views on indexicals.

The aim of the paper is to use etymological data as a source of evidence for their compatibility with alternative theories of language; etymological data show the relevance of the supposed demonstrative stratum common to indexicals in all languages, and therefore emphasise some aspects that seem more coherent with a neo-Fregean perspective. PhilologySemanticsIndexicalityDemonstrationsand Demonstratives. Prejudice and Presupposition in Offensive Language more.

In this paper I give a short introduction to the standard way to treat offensive language in contemporary philosophy of language, without giving details on the very rich contemporary literature on the problem. My aim here is to connect My aim here is to connect what is called a ” presuppositional point of view ” on pejoratives to the topic of prejudice. At the same time, I want to develop some hints given by Flavio Baroncelli, a political philosopher and colleague who offered some provocative suggestions on the educative role of politically correct language.


I will show that some of his ideas are still workable, and pencp the same time I eventually will try to show what is really new in the diffusion of prejudice through social networks and which kinds of reactions can be foreseen. Updating an old distinction: Frege on sense and tone In a much-discussed example from his Posthumous Writings from the piece called ” Logik ” written introduzionwFrege makes an analysis of the difference between two similar sentences: But whilst the word ‘dog’ is neutral as between having pleasant or unpleasant associations, the word ‘cur’ certainly has unpleasant rather than pleasant associations and puts us rather in mind of a dog with a somewhat unkempt appearance.

Even if it is grossly unfaith to the dog to think of it in this way, we cannot say that this makes the second sentence false. True, anyone who utters this sentence speaks pejoratively, but this is not part of the thought expressed It might be thought that the second sentence does nevertheless tell us more than the first, namely that the speaker has a poor opinion of the dog.

In that case, the word ‘cur’ would contain an entire linguagyio. Varieties of Contexts more.

In this presentation we give a short reminder on the origin of the two inyroduzione notions of context that are used in philosophy of language in order to draw attention to the main points of discussion common in the meeting on ” Contexts in In this presentation we give a linguaggo reminder on the origin of the two main notions of context that are used in philosophy of language in order to draw attention to the main points of discussion common in the meeting on ” Contexts in Philosophy “.

The use of Context in philosophy begins with Frege’s work: This claim untroduzione a criticism of Locke who endorsed the Aristotelian view of meaning as an idea connected with a lexical item for Aristotle words are signs not of objects, but of the movement of the mind and for Locke the meaning of a word is the idea connected with the word. Frege thought that Locke’s mistake was to look for the meaning of a word in isolation; but i for many words there are no corresponding ideas, and the only way to understand or define the meaning of a word is to car,o how it works in the context of a sentence; ii different people may connect different ideas with the same words.

But Frege was worried also for other aspects of the use of language: While in mathematics we all with expressions e. Frege dedicated much of filosotia last writings to discuss this peculiarity of natural language remarking that ” The mere wording, as it can be preserved in writing, is not the complete expression of the thought; the knowledge of certain conditions accompanying the utterance, which are used as means of expressing folosofia thought, is needed for us to grasp the thought correctly.

Pointing the finger, hand gestures, glances. ContextualismContextIndexicalityand Common Ground. Donnellan’s Misderscriptions and Loose Talk more. In the first section I introduce In section 6 I propose two alternative ways to represent this solution.

I give a summary of the advantages of Weak Inertness Thesis over competing theories. Oxford University Press Event Date: Kenny’s wrong formula more. Logic and Early Wittgenstein. Selecting Presuppositions in Conditional Clauses – more. In this paper we propose an experiment concerning presuppositions in conditional sentences containing a preupposition trigger in the consequent. Many theories claim that these kinds of sentences simply project the presupposition Many theories claim that these kinds of sentences simply project the presupposition triggered by the consequent, while other theories claim that they project a conditional presupposition.


In our paper we present an experiment that confirms results given by Romoli in favour of the second type of theory.

However if filosocia are cognitively loaded, they are less disposed to select a conditional presupposition. We argue therefore that the cognitive load represents a key and possibly disturbing factor for a correct analysis of linguistic and philosophical theories of presuppositions.

Frontiers in Psychology Publication Date: Recanati and Kaplan on Cognitive Aspects in Semantics – more. After analysing the two attempts and verifying which answers they should give to the problem discussed lintuaggio Kripke, I suggest a possible interpretation of these attempts: That a function may be computed by different procedures might suggest new possibilities of integrating contextual cognitive aspects in model theoretic semantic.

Lecture Notes in Artificial Linguaggjo. Semiotics’ Internal Conflict more. The aim of this paper is to give a short overview of the debate on the boundaries between semantics and pragmatics, and to point out both its origins and the main problem behind, that is the definition of what is said.

Rivista di Filosofia del linguaggio, vol. Frege’s Theory of Demonstratives as a model for Indexical Thought more. Hints towards a proper treatment of indexical thoughts as expressible filodofia complex demonstratives. Freund e und Feind eBerlin: Propositional attitudes towards presuppositions.

Carlo Penco | University of Genova –

An experimental approach – more. Cwrloand Cognitive Context. Between Knowing How and Knowing That – more. The Cognitive Load of Presupposition Triggers – more. If a speaker utters a sentence p containing a presupposition trigger that activates a presupposition q, and q does not belong to the common ground of presuppositions, it is a case of presupposition failure.

If this occurs, speakers are If this occurs, speakers are required to repair the failure to make sense of the utterance. According to Glanzberg, two subcategories of being infelicitous may emerge in the case of presupposition failure: Following Glanzberg’s suggestion, in this paper we present the results of an experiment supporting the idea that, depending on the kind of trigger, processing the information conveyed by a presupposition can be either optional or mandatory in case of presupposition failure.

The conclusion of this paper is that introduzjone cognitive demands of different presupposition triggers do not primarily depend on whether they optionally or obligatorily lead to process the presuppositions activated. Rather, their cognitive demands seem to be related with the complexity of the mental representation of the presupposition required.

Language, Cognition and Neuroscience Volume 29, Issue 1, This volume contains essays that explore explicit and implicit communication through linguistic research. What is Said filosotia What is Not: What Happened to the Sense of a Concept Word? I claim that, contrary to what is normally lnguaggio, a procedural view of sense may be compatible with model caarlo semantics, especially in dealing with problems at the boundary between semantics and pragmatics.

Sense and Linguistic Meaning.

Elementi di Filosofia Del Linguaggio

A solution to the Burge-Kripke Conflict – more. This question challenges Burge’s interpretation of sense and favours Kripke’s interpretation. I think that the deep tension between a cognitive and a semantic view of sense of a sentence discussed by Beaney onwards lies behind the contrast between Burge and Kripke.

I conclude by indicating a possible direction for further research. Grazer Philosophische Studien 88, Vienna Circle in Nordic Countries – more. Discussion of Juha Manninen and Friedrich Stadtler eds.


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