Azadi has 62 ratings and 7 reviews. Rishi said: I picked it in a second hand book shop and got big time lucky:) The story begins with the place Sialk. Indian novelist, born in Sialkot, formerly in India and now in Pakistan, educated at the University of Delhi and the University of Nottingham. Since he has. Chaman Nahal was 19 when partition took place. When the most unrelenting sight on both sides of the Radcliffe Line was of roads dotted with.
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The paper will definitely help the psychologists and psychiatrists to treat the patients of hysteria and trauma more effectively.
The paper concludes some new factors of chzman such as stillbirths, witness of murders, loss of land, house, friends, and hometown etc. These factors of trauma create repercussions such azdi flashback to the past traumatic incidents, tearfulness, incommunicability, abhorrence, revenge, confusion, uncanniness, restlessness, trauma, and collective trauma etc. Both Sigmund Freud and Josef Breuer conducted their clinical experiments to develop their psychoanalytical theories of hysteria and trauma through the treatment of the aazdi of corporal abuse.
The Freudian psychoanalytical experimentations primarily focus on the victims of sexual abuse. For instance, Freud treated Emma Eckstein who was a victim of sexual abuse and whose treatment is documented in Project for a Scientific Psychology Freud,p.
His other similar treatments include the case of somatic exploitation of a young boy documented in The Interpretation of Dreams Freud,p. The researcher agrees with the Freudian psychoanalytical discoveries that if the victims of sexual abuse repress their feelings, they definitely become victims of trauma by deferred action Freud,p.
From Kiev to Stalingrad, from Leningrad to the Crimea, the Soviet Union was badly devastated — causing the death of 25 million Soviet citizens in the years of and Being a hardened racist, even before his attack at the Soviet Union, Hitler had started to detest the natives of the Soviet Union.
Germany has turned round and attacked Roos. Then, the Lala starts associating the destruction and holocaust in Chamam and Japan with the ongoing chaos and bloodshed in the Punjab. Lala Kanshi Ram, being the eyewitness of the haunting scenes, gets traumatized and associates the upsetting scenes with the vexed events of the Mahabharata. It is very shameful that Yushishthira loses everything even his wife Draupadi to Duryodhan in the dice game.
All sages and gurus remain silent when Duryodhan, Dushashana and Karna start disrobing Draupadi publicly. Then Lord Krishna saves Draupadi from dishonor after hearing her supplications. But there nhaal heavy bloodshed when the Pandavas avenged against the Kauravas.
Freedom song – Society & The Arts News – Issue Date: Jul 16,
The ongoing vicious violence is the signifier for Kanshi Ram because it connects him to the historical traumatic incident that took place several years ago. Actually, the British soldiers kill some Indian dogs during their parades claiming that the dogs create mess and hindrance while the former organize the victory parade to celebrate the British triumph over the Germans in the 2nd World War. But, Lala Kanshi Ram states that there was no need to kill the dogs.
At that time, over 20, Indians were celebrating the Baisakhi fair at the Jallianwala Bagh in Amritsar — the holiest city of the Sikhs. General Dyer was a ruthless opportunist who always looked for a large congregation of Indians to shoot them on the spot. His wife, Annie Dyer unfolded the bitter reality that General Dyer would have murdered lots of Indians, if he had found them earlier at such a platform as was the Jallianwala Bagh.
It was a problem […]. Secondly, Lala Kanshi Ram assimilates a revengeful attitude towards the British administrators and wishes that the latter must be retaliated for this vile crime as Shaheed Udham Singh Kamboj has avenged against their heinous crime contravened at the Jallianwala Bagh. The Maharaja was an outstanding ruler of this mighty kingdom for forty years from to Singh,p.
Why of all the persons at their command, did the big sahibs have to send him? The first insurgency was literally started, for the Enfield rifle was greased with lard and tallow in February, Later, it was confirmed that the British had manufactured the standard cartridges with pork fat lard which was assumed sacred by Muslims and cow fat tallow which made Hindus furious, for cows were sacrosanct to them. The sepoys Indian soldiers had to open the shells of these cartridges with their teeth before loading the Enfield rifles and it insulted the religious practices of Hindus and Muslims.
Afterwards, the rebellion took the form of mutiny and the revolts started against the British administration, British taxation and land annexations by the East India Company in Saharanpur, Rurki and Muzaffar Nagar and Buland Shehr.
Consequently, hundreds of the mutineers from the Bengal army that was comprised of 74 regiments of infantry and 10 regular regiments sacrificed their lives in order to get freedom from the gigantic clutches of the British Mason,p.
Likewise, Lala Kanshi Ram perceives that the efforts of Lord Wavell are also abortive as he fails to keep the geographic unity of India. For instance, the Shimla conference was organized in June to convince Muslims to give up their demand for an independent Muslim-majority state, but it turned to be an ineffective attempt as well.
Nothing had happened in the house for several days to upset him; nor anything special in the store, either.
Author Chaman Nahal talks about his book ‘Azadi’
But what impact him severely are the six deaths of infants in his house along with the incidents discussed so far. Instantly, his mindset recalls the cramps and labour-pain of Prabha Rani when she has had given birth to Arun Kumar, their son.
But this flashback gets connected to the traumatic time when the Lala and Prabha Rani have had lost their six infants in Sambrhial — the village where they used to live before they settled in Sialkot.
This unpredictable loss of his six infants always haunts Lala Kanshi Ram and he never wants any kind of harm to his son Arun and daughter Madhu Bala. Though he is fifty and Prabha Rani is forty-eight Nahal,p.
He always thinks that he has already been given retribution from the nahap in the form of the deaths of his infants because he has had mated Prabha Rani repeatedly. It was the seventh or eighth child […].
Apart from his personal anguish emerged out of the loss of his six infants Nahal,p.
chamman Lala Kanshi Ram actually knows that there will be a lot of carnage if two new nations come into existence. He feels satisfied with his land and house. Actually, it was not only Lala Kanshi Ram, but also innumerable people were impacted azdi the holocaust of the Partition.
Lala Kanshi Ram is one of the representatives of the victims who faced traumatic incidents during the Partition. The arrival of this Amritsar train in Sialkot makes the situation viciously rancorous and it initiates fires, lootings and killings of the Hindus and the Sikhs in Sialkot as well.
For instance, the Muslims of Sialkot en massestart stabbing the Hindus and the Sikh natives to death.
But Kanshi Ram witnesses not only murders but the extreme brutality of the violence. Where the victim survived the first blow, he was chanan stabbed in the chest and the abdomen. Faces were disfigured […]. This type of bloodbath continues for several months and millions of victims lose their lives unnecessarily in the name of freedom.
Urvashi Butalia also records in her book Other Side of Silence: His heart fills with severe angst when he hearkens from the natives of Trunk Bazaar that they are heading towards the refugee camp established out of the town.
The situation becomes unmanageable and the police ask the Hindu and the Sikh inhabitants to evacuate Sialkot, but Lala Kanshi Ram never wants to become a refugee in his own hometown.
Traumatic incidents gradually increase in Sialkot and they deteriorate the psychic condition of Lala Kanshi Ram. Lala Kanshi Ram feels psychosomatically and physically very tired when he thinks to leave his house and the shop. How would he dispose of it? Would anyone give him any price for it in such times? He remembers how his mother used to beat him sternly.
Lala Kanshi Ram revitalizes his infantile time when he is forced for exile as:. Some of his earliest memories, memories of his remote childhood, came back to him as he stood there.
He remembered how as an urchin he was very fond of eating earth and how his mother used to beat him for that [.
In the above incident, the walls and the clay that he used to eat, act as the signifiers and take him back to his impish childhood.
Secondly, the Lala starts using an abrasive language against the military, the police and even against his friends. Kanshi Ram retaliates that he too believes in God as much as Abdul Ghani does.
But Kanshi Ram feels utterly distraught when he perceives that some of his Muslims friends such as Abdul Ghani turn hostile to him and want to take away his business Nahal,p. After the incident, Kanshi Ram stands transfixed; his color turns ashen grey; he looks so crestfallen that he returns home surreptitiously like a ghost Nahal,p. As Ian Parker states in his book Lacanian Psychoanalysis: Likewise, traumatic incidents such as the loss of his six infants in the past, the heist of his grain store and the witness of the Amritsar train fully loaded with the dead bodies of Muslims etc.
Lala Dina Nath who was in the same train and who had saved his life pretending that he is a Muslim, informs Kanshi Ram that the incident took place near Nizamabad — a village just the outside of Wazirabad. Now, he wishes to leave for India grudgingly as soon as possible. The ceaseless traumatic incidents such as the loss of his house and land, the looting of his store and now, the death of his beloved daughter and son-in-law etc.
He liked meeting people and talking to them. Even to members of his own group, he spoke in monosyllables Nahal,p. Whenever Arun talks of Madhu, Kanshi Ram closes the subject because her separation haunts her severely and cyclically. Kanshi Ram tries to regain his consciousness but the spontaneous flow of traumatic incidents renders him unconscious again.
Chaman Nahal – Wikipedia
Kanshi Ram fails to come out of the shock of his deceased daughter. Surreptitiously, furtively, like a thief, he lifted a corner of his shirt and wiped his eyes.
Kanshi Ram has just been busy piling up his haemorrhages for a couple of months. Another phase of traumatic incidents starts in the life of Kanshi Ram when the foot convoy leaves Sialkot Cantonment and reaches Pasrur through the route of Gunna Kalan.
Being a civil leader of the 3rd unit, Lala Kanshi Ram feels utterly distressed when he further watches the holocaust of the 2nd unit of their convoy. Most of the children lay with their faces downward.
The men lay on their backs or on their sides, their mouths open. Chander Bhan who has had brought the news of the murder of Madhu Bala and Rajiv. Their convoy just covers thirty-six miles from Sialkot but they lose over fifteen hundred of their colleagues during the various ambushes executed near the villages such as Gunna Kalan, Qila Sobha Singh and Manjoke.
Several women are abducted and the number of the wounded rise to several hundred Nahal,p. He knocks at the doors of his distant relatives in Amritsar but none of them welcome him and his survival family.
He abominates the chwman of his settlement in Jullundur, Ludhiana and Ambala. While sitting in the waiting room of the Chamah station, the Lala listens the wailing of the Muslim survivors. Lala Kanshi Ram gets fed up with the governments, armies, Rehabilitation and Custodian Officers of both sides. Like thousands of other refugees, the Lala gets distressed when the Indian police ask him injudicious questions such as what his purpose to come in India is Nahal, Prabha Rani knows that her husband is primarily upset because of the irrevocable loss of his house, store, land, friends, and hometown Sialkot.
But the demise of Nahhal is fundamental amongst them. She chamsn he had suffered for Madhu. He had said not word. But she knew how excruciating had been his pain. He positively did not want to go to another refugee camp.