Baixe grátis o arquivo DN no controle da dor musculoesquelética – of pain.2–4 MTrPs were the primary source of pain in 74% of 96 patients with. Classificao das Fontes de Poluio Cdigo DN 74/ Descrio da. da Deliberação Normativa (DN) COPAM nº 74/ para a atividade do empreendimento.
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Myofascial pain is a common syndrome seen by family practitioners worldwide. In this clinical narrative review we have attempted to introduce dry needling, a relatively new method for the management of musculoskeletal pain, to the general medical community. Different methods of dry needling, its effectiveness, and physiologic and adverse effects are discussed. Dry needling is a treatment modality that is minimally invasive, cheap, easy to learn with appropriate training, and carries a low risk.
Its effectiveness has been confirmed in numerous studies and 2 comprehensive systematic reviews. The deep method of dry needling has been shown to be more effective than the superficial one for the treatment of pain associated with myofascial trigger points.
However, over areas with potential risk of significant adverse events, such as lungs and large blood vessels, we suggest using the superficial technique, which has also been shown to be effective, albeit to a lesser extent.
Enquadramento Revisão DN COPAM 74 – Licenciamento Ambiental
Additional studies are needed to evaluate the effectiveness of dry needling. There also is a great need for further investigation into the development of pain at myofascial trigger points.
J Am Board Fam Med ; Myofascial pain is a common form of pain that arises from muscles or related fascia and is usually associated with myofascial trigger points MTrP.
Despite this, there is evidence that MTrPs that cause musculoskeletal pain often go undiagnosed by both physicians and physical therapists, which leads to chronic conditions. Numerousnoninvasivemethods—suchas stretching, massage, ischemic compression, laser therapy, heat, acupressure,ultrasound,transcutaneouselectrical nerve stimulation, biofeedback, and pharmacological treatments—have been used to alleviate chronic myofascial pain, but no single strategy has.
This article was externally peer reviewed. Submitted 24 December ; revised 25 March ; accepted 29 March BoxBeer ShevaIsrael E-mail: Although an acupuncture needle is used, the therapy is based on the traditional reasoning of Western medicine. The sites for needle insertion are located in skeletal muscles taught in any basic anatomy course.
Dry needling is easy to learn, and a basic course usually lasts 2 to 4 days. The aim of this review is to introduce dry needling, a relatively new treatment modality used by physicians and physical therapists worldwide as a part of complex treatment of chronic musculoskeletal pain, to the wide audience of family physicians, rheumatologists, orthopedic surgeons, physiatrists, pain specialists, dentists, and physical therapists.
Dry needling methods were empirically developed to treat musculoskeletal disorders. In addition, in numerous randomized clinical trials RCTs and one systematic review, no difference was found between injections of different substances and dry needling in the treatment of MTrP symptoms. Several schools and conceptual models of dry needling have developed during the last 3 decades; most common fn radiculopathy15 and MTrP1 models.
The radiculopathy model is based on empirical observations by the Canadian physician Dr. Chan Gunn,15 who was one of the pioneers of dry needling.
To distinguish this approach from other methods of dry needling, Dr.
Gunn named it intramuscular stimulation IMS. In the musculature, this manifests as muscle shortening, pain, and the development of taut bands with MTrPs.
InKarel Lewit11 proposed that the effect of injections were primarily cause by the mechanical stimulation of an MTrP with the needle. Since then, dry needling has been widely used for the treatment of MTrPs. A very similar method was developed in 7th century by Chinese physician Sun Ssu-Mo, who inserted needles at points of pain, which he called Ah-Shi points. Examples of dry needling application are shown in Figure 1. Any effect of these therapies is probably because of the needle or placebo rather than the injection of either saline or active drug.
Two studies provided contradictory results when comparing direct needling of MTrPs versus needling elsewhere in muscle; copsm evidence from another 4 studies failed to show that needling directly into an MTrP is superior to various nonpenetrating sham interventions.
Examples of dry needling applications. Marking out the quadratus lumborum muscle before needling.
DN no controle da dor musculoesquelética – Artigo
Needling the paraspinal muscles. Secondly, sample sizes were generally small, which raises the possibility of type I error, where the likelihood of a study producing a false-negative result is increased. Until evidence of the possible mechanism of action of needling is cooam, or until different interventions have been compared directly, there is no logical basis for choosing the optimal intervention.
It was concluded that there is evidence of pain relief and functional improvement of chronic low back pain with the use of acupuncture compared with no treatment or sham therapy. These effects were only observed immediately after the end of the sessions and at short-term follow-up.
There was evidence that acupuncture in conjunction with other conventional therapies relieves pain and improves function better than the conventional therapies alone. However, the treatment effects were small.
Enquadramento Revisão DN COPAM 74 – Licenciamento Ambiental
Dry needling seemed to be a useful adjunct to other therapies for chronic low back pain. Furlan and colleagues23 also mentioned the low methodologic quality of original studies. Baldry22 recommended inserting an acupuncture needle into the tissues overlying each MTrP to a depth of 5 to 10 m for 30 copamm.
Because the needle does not necessarily reach the MTrP, local twitch responses are not expected.
Nevertheless, the patient 744 experiences an immediate decrease in sensitivity after the needling procedure. If there is any residual pain, the needle is reinserted for another 2 clpam 3 minutes.
The authors found no statistical difference between the 2 methods. Dry-needling, Myofascial Trigger Points, Pain, Connective Tissue, Musculoskeletal, Alternative Medicine Myofascial pain is a common form of pain that arises from muscles or related fascia and is usually associated with myofascial trigger points MTrP.