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Escritos de Pediatria y Psicoanalisis (English, Spanish, Paperback) / Author: Donald Woods Winnicott ; ; Psychology, Social sciences, Books. Escritos de pediatria y psicoanalisis // Writings of Pediatrics and Psychoanalysis Pasta blanda – 17 mar Donal W. Winnicott Paidos Iberica Ediciones S a. Results 1 – 30 of Discover Book Depository’s huge selection of Donald-Winnicott books online. Free delivery Escritos de Pediatria y Psicoanalisis. 24% off.

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Psychiatrists, psychiatric residents, non psychiatric physicians, psychologists, philosophers or other health professionals or persons interested in this psiconaalisis can take part in the journal.

This journal psicoanalisiss original works, revision or updating articles, case reports of all psychiatry and mental health areas, epistemology, mind philosophy, bioethics and also articles about methodology of research and critical reading.

CiteScore measures average citations received per document published. SRJ esritos a prestige metric based on the idea that not all citations are the same. SJR uses a similar algorithm as the Google page rank; it provides a quantitative and qualitative measure of the journal’s impact.

SNIP measures contextual citation impact by wighting citations based on the total number of citations in a subject field. Throughout this paper, the theoretical and clinical approaches of D.

Winnicott’s clinical and theoretical concepts allow returning to Ferenczi and rescuing aspects of his work that had been silenced in the psychoanalytic community. Ferenczi, in turn, is one that holds his presence in Winnicott’s thought. Even though there are few times in which he cites Ferenczi in his work, it is possible to draw clear relationships between both theories.

Donald Winnicott

Three main issues are addressed: It is concluded that the theoretical and technical developments of Winnicott serve to illuminate a retrospective reading of Ferenczi. Ferenczi, a su vez, conserva su presencia en psicoanalisls pensamiento de Winnicott.

Se abordan tres puntos principales: Periatria his writings, we know that he cited him on two occasions. These references indicate that Winnicott had access to Ferenczi’s work and not only through Melanie Klein’s use thereof.

It is not known whether any formal meetings took place between the two psychoanalysts. In his work Classification: Ferenczi contributed significantly by looking at a failed analysis of a patient with character disorder not simply as a failure of selection but as a deficiency of psycho-analytic technique.

The idea implied here was that psycho-analysis could learn to adapt its technique to the character disorder or the borderline case without turning over into management, and indeed without losing the label psycho-analysis. Moreover, it is worth noting the fact that Winnicott underlines the importance Ferenczi gives to the necessity of adapting the environment to the patient’s needs.

Borgogno 10 has highlighted several similarities between Ferenczi and Winnicott, referring to the relationship between their works and the psychoanalytic community. Ferenczi was subjected to direct censorship and it was not until that his work began to circulate, almost coinciding with that of Winnicott.

Although the British author did not undergo explicit censorship, Borgogno does note that Winnicott felt he had not been sufficiently recognised by his sphere. That said, when Ferenczi’s works were published, which coincided in time with Winnicott’s writings, a particular interest in pediatrka subject of countertransference can be found in both theoretical bodies. For both authors, the emotional response of pdeiatria therapist is fundamental in the technique and analytical process.

Borgogno also underlines the fact that both authors explain antisocial behaviour on the basis of childhood neglect. The importance of the role the environment plays on winicott health is more than evident in Winnicott’s theoretical developments and he is undoubtedly the most noteworthy point of reference in this regard, with his concepts of active adaptation, the facilitating environment and the good-enough mother.

With this in mind, his concepts resonate in various passages of Ferenczi’s Clinical Diary 11 such as, for example, in the following paragraph: Without this support the psychic and organic component mechanisms diverge, explode, as it were; as yet there is no ego-center strong enough to be worth mentioning, which could hold the whole of it together, also on its own.

Children have no ego yet, but only an id; the id still reacts alloplastically, not motorically. The analysis should be able to provide for the patient the previously missing favorable milieu for building up the ego, and so put an end to that state of mimetism which like a conditioned reflex only drives the person toward repetition. Thus, the patient cannot recall something that is yet to occur, but must experience it for the first time in transference.

Regarding this point, a link can be made with Ferenczi’s line of thought, who also dealt extensively with trauma. Moreover, Ferenczi also notes that traumatic experience material leaves no record in any psychic instance.


In this sense, one might assume that no record remains precisely because of the prematurity of the trauma and the egoas there is no established or differentiated ego to undergo the traumatic experience, but that this experience is only accessible by reliving the trauma under the favourable therapeutic conditions afforded by the psychoanalytic treatment and with an ego that is able to make an experience of it.

In his diary, Ferenczi expresses this as follows: In his diary, Ferenczi states: For Ferenczi, psychic paralysis has to do with the interruption of the senses, the unresisting acceptance of any mechanical or psychic ppediatria, without any amnesic trace of said impressions, even unconsciously. It is thus in no way possible that they will become accessible to the memory. As regards the technical innovations of both authors, psicoanalidis is probably Ferenczi’s most pesiatria point and the one that led Ernest Jones 15 to tarnish his work as psychopathological in his biography of Freud.

Ferenczi worked on three different technical innovations in the last years of his life: But besides agreeing or disagreeing with these technical innovations, from criticising their boldness or reading them as errors or excesses in the psicoanzlisis, they seduce because they show Ferenczi’s psychoanalytic passion and reveal the need to institute changes in the classical analytic technique for the treatment of certain patients.

Indeed, the technique Winnicott used to approach his cases is winicott and debates have been sustained on the topic. The freedom and genuineness with which the psychoanalyst attended to his patients, in conditions that were somewhat unusual for the psychoanalytic community, led him to see other patients and clinical situations as well as to be subject to debate.


Escritos de Pediatria y Psicoanalisis: : Donald Woods Winnicott: Books

Both his book Therapeutic consultations in child psychiatry 17 and his famous The Piggle: That said, none of them was an innovation that sought to establish itself as a good practice protocol, but they all saw sense in the transferential relationship with the patient and the search for a specific and singular technique so that each case could be directed towards a possible cure. Below is an extract from the prologue of The Piggle: Winnicott replied by directing attention to what he did with the transference and the unconscious, not to [ In the course of this discussion an impatient listener was heard to say in an audible whisper: Borgogno refers to the fact that both Ferenczi and Winnicott focus their theoretical and technical attention on the role of the mother.

This interest led them in turn to work not only on the theoretical child, but also on the real child. To consider the importance of the technique, where the analyst must not only position himself and perform the benevolent role of the mother, but also receive the projections of the inadequate protector. Accordingly, both the mother and the analyst must be able to receive the baby and the patient as they are, without asking them to adapt to a particular ideal or therapy. This fact led Winnicott and Ferenczi to think about technique and theory differently to other psychoanalysts, including those who worked with children.

Both proposed, at different points in history, the fact that, like the mother, the analyst must be able to adapt to the patient-baby and not expect adaptation from the other.

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Thinking about the therapist—and the mother—as the person who adapts to the patient-baby, and not vice versa, carries with it profound change in technique.

Both frame and interpretation find another use and another orientation. For example, as well as being something that stems from the knowledge of the therapist, the interpretation is something that the patient creates and encounters in therapy. Over the analyst’s knowledge, what takes precedence is the genuineness of the patient and the analyst. Borgogno indicates that for both Ferenczi and Winnicott, the mother must have a particular mental state.

If this winnicogt not the case, the child will have to overadapt to the mother, moving away from its sense of feeling real in the world. It is thus possible to see how, for both psychoanalysts, the psychic state of the mother is fundamental in developing the subject’s sense of existence and how, when this is not guaranteed, the child tends to overadapt or progress in this development a leap into the void.

In connection with the foregoing, Borgogno explores a technical similarity of the two authors, derived from the practice that prompts the consultation of borderline patients. Borgogno shows how working with patients presenting a dissociation between mind and body led Ferenczi and Winnicott to undergo a learning process and a change in their technique.


We can see then that both Winnicott and Ferenczi attach fundamental importance to the presence and role of the analyst, an analyst that not only works on the basis of knowledge, but psicoanwlisis also connects to the emotional experience that an analysis implies. As psicoanalissi, the analyst must winnixott the paradox in which the patient creates the object subjective objectbut where the object is already there waiting to be created.

The subject may relate with the other, no longer as a part or projection of himself or herself, but as a separate entity.

But to do this, it is imperative that the analyst, like the object, survives the destruction. Thus, the changes that arise in the analysis stem from the survival of the analyst, more than that of the interpretations, and this is a fundamental aspect of Winnicott’s technique.

Although, as we have noted, Winnicott had no influence on Ferenczi’s work with the latter being from a previous generationand the British author only makes limited references to the Hungarian, they do have one thing in common: For example, we find the importance that empathy and intuition take for Winnicott 20 in the role of the analyst.

Similarly, it is essential to think about the concept of a good-enough mother in order to understand the role of the analyst. Accordingly, the patient, as the baby, does not adapt to the adult, but the mother and analyst are the ones who adjust to receive the former. It is a fact that both analysts worked with borderline and psychotic patients, and that the emergence of this approach shaped their technical innovations and the need to introduce them into the analytic process.

Winnicott, in Playing and Realityunderstands psychoanalysis as a specialised form of playing through which communication with the self and others is achieved: Psychotherapy has to do with two people playing together.

The therapist not only seeks to interpret the contents of the game or verbal contentbut the environment of growth and therapy permitted by the game and analysis is also taken into account. In this sense, playing is healthy.

Even Winnicott, in his work, The Use of an Object and Relating through Identificationsquestions himself regarding his use of interpretation, reinventing his own technique: If only we can wait, the patient arrives at understanding creatively and with immense joy, and I now enjoy this joy more than I used to enjoy the sense of having been clever. But if the game is spontaneous, the interpretation will have therapeutic effects. In this way, the patient feels that he finds and constructs the interpretation himself, even if it comes from another.

Both Winnicott, in Playing and Realityand Ferenczi, in his Clinical Diaryon referring to dee technical elements of psychotherapy, highlight an aspect of great importance, namely trust. Both authors link it to understanding psychoanalysis as a search for oneself.

With regard to a cure, Winnicott associates trust with the patient’s capacity to create, as well as with the discovery of a sense of self. According to Balint, who is cited by Dupont, the disagreement between Freud and Ferenczi caused real trauma for the analytic community. That said, his work has never been fully discarded, and although it is still somewhat uncomfortable, can never not be taken into account in the development of psychoanalysis.

A scarcely cited but very used work, it has been rediscovered [ It is possible to see how, as with Freud’s trauma theory, in which a second time is needed in order to give new meaning to a previous experience that resulted in trauma, Winnicott’s work may allow an introduction to that of Ferenczi, as a einnicott and articulator, which has remained in pdeiatria for decades. This is not the case with Ferenczi’s work today, 80 years after his death, which is the subject of multiple academic debates, congresses and publications.

We must continue to expose it in contemporary psychoanalytic debates and the particularities of 21st century psychoanalytic practice.

Salvaging from it, as with Winnicott’s work, one of the greatest teachings of our era: The authors have no conflicts of interest to declare.

Escritos de Pediatria y Psicoanalisis (English, Spanish, Paperback)

Please cite this article as: Three links between Donald W. Previous article Next article. April – June Pages Environment, trauma and technical innovations:


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