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Ibn Taymiyyah was born in Mesopotamia.
İbn Teymiyye Eserleri
Educated in Damascus, where he had been taken in as a refugee from the Mongol invasion, he later steeped himself in the teachings of the Pietist school. Though he remained faithful throughout his life to that school, of whose doctrines he had an unrivalled mastery, he also ibh an extensive knowledge of contemporary Islamic sources and disciplines: His life was marked by persecutions.
As early as Ibn Taymiyyah came into conflict with local authorities for protesting a sentence, pronounced under religious lawagainst a Christian accused of having insulted the Prophet. In he was accused of anthropomorphism ascribing human characteristics to God and for having criticized, contemptuously, the legitimacy of dogmatic theology. During the great Mongol crisis of the years toand especially during the occupation of Damascus, he led the resistance party and denounced the suspect faith of the invaders and their accomplices.
During the ensuing years Ibn Taymiyyah was engaged in intensive polemic activity: But teymlyye he left Cairo once more with the Sultan, on a campaign to recover Damascus, which was again being threatened by the Mongols.
Ibn Taymiyyah – Wikipedia
Ibn Taymiyyah spent his last 15 years in Damascus. Promoted to the rank of schoolmaster, he gathered around him a circle of disciples from every social class. Accused of supporting a doctrine that would curtail the ease with which a Muslim could traditionally repudiate a wife and thus ease the ill effects of the practice, Ibn Taymiyyah was incarcerated on orders from Cairo in the citadel of Damascus from August to February In July Cairo again ordered him confined to the citadel for having continued his condemnation of saint worship, in spite of the prohibition forbidding him to do so.
He died in prison, deprived of his books and writing materials, and was buried in the Sufi cemetery amid a great public gathering.
His tomb still exists and is widely venerated. Ibn Taymiyyah left a considerable body of work—often republished in SyriaEgyptArabia, and India—that extended and justified his religious and political involvements and was characterized by its rich teymmiyye, sober style, and brilliant polemic.
Ibn Taymiyyah desired a return to the sources of the Muslim religion, which he felt had been altered too often, to one extent or another, by the different religious sects ibm schools.
Only such a return to sources, he felt, would permit the divided and disunited Muslim community to refind its unity. In politics Ibn Taymiyyah recognized the legitimacy of the first four caliphs, but he rejected the necessity of having a single caliphate and allowed for the existence of many emirates. Though Ibn Taymiyyah had numerous religious and political adversaries in his own time, he has strongly influenced modern Islam for the last two centuries.
Ibn Taymiyyah also influenced various reform movements that have posed the problem of reformulating traditional ideologies by a return to sources. We welcome suggested improvements to any of our articles.
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